Kontribusi Usaha Ternak Sapi Terhadap Pendapatan Petani Di Kecamatan Insana Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara

The Contribution Of Cattle Farming To Farmers' Income In Insana Sub-District, Timor Tengah Utara Regency

Authors

  • Obed Haba Nono Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Blandina Bona Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Arnoldus Keban Universitas Nusa Cendana
  • Tenang Tenang Universitas Nusa Cendana

Keywords:

Contribution, Income, Cattle Farming Business

Abstract

The research was carried out in Insana District, Timor Tengah Utara  Regency for six months from June-November 2022. The aim of this research was to determine the magnitude of the contribution of cattle farming to farmers' income in Insana District, North Central Timor Regency. Sampling was carried out in two stages, namely by taking sample villages , in the second stage, sample farmers were non-proportionally randomly, with 30 farmers per village so that 60 representative respondents were obtained. Primary data was obtained through direct interviews and secondary data by literature study and documentation. The data was analyzed descriptively and continued with income analysis and contribution analysis from each business branch to total income of farmers. To determine the differences in contribution from each business branch, the t-test were continued. The results of the research show that the total income of farmers is IDR 10,962,892/year, obtained from the cattle business was IDR 5,482,958/year (50.01%) the food crop business was IDR 2,688,8333/year (24, 53%), other livestock businesses (pigs and chickens) was IDR. 1,943,860/year (17.73%), and plantation product processing was IDR. 1,090,333/year (9.95%). Cattle farming has the largest contribution to farmers' income and can be categorized as a business branch because its contribution was >30%. The research results also show that there were differences in the average income from each branch of business carried out by each farmer.

Penelitian telah dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Insana Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara selama enam bulan dari bulan Juni-November 2022. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui besarnya kontribusi usaha ternak sapi terhadap pendapatan petani di Kecamatan Insana Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara.  Pengambilan contoh dilakukan melalui dua tahap yaitu pengambilan desa contoh secara puposif dan tahap keedua peternak contoh secara acak non proposional sebanyak 30 orang peternak tiap desa sehingga diperoleh 60 responden representaif. Data primer diperoleh melalui wawancara langsung dan data sekunder diperoleh melalui studi kepustakaan dan dokumentasi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan dilanjutkan dengan analisis pendapatan dan analisis kontribusi dari tiap cabang usaha. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa total pendapatan petani sebesar Rp.10.962.892/tahun, yang diperoleh dari usaha ternak sapi sebesar Rp.5.482.958/tahun (50,01%) usaha tanaman pangan sebesar  Rp.2.688.8333/tahun (24,53%), usaha ternak lainnya (babi dan ayam) sebesar Rp.1.943.860/tahun (17,73%), dan pengolahan hasil perkebunan sebesar Rp.1.090.333/tahun (9,95%). Usaha ternak sapi memiliki kontribusi terbesar terhadap pendapatan petani dan dapat dikategorikan sebagai suatu cabang usaha karena kontribusinya >30%. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan rata-rata pendapatan dari tiap cabang usaha yang dilakukan oleh tiap peternak.

Author Biographies

Obed Haba Nono, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Kelautan, dan Perikanan, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Blandina Bona, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Kelautan, dan Perikanan, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Arnoldus Keban, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Kelautan, dan Perikanan, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Tenang Tenang, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Kelautan, dan Perikanan, Universitas Nusa Cendana

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Published

2023-10-20

How to Cite

Nono, O. H., Bona, B. ., Keban, A. ., & Tenang, T. (2023). Kontribusi Usaha Ternak Sapi Terhadap Pendapatan Petani Di Kecamatan Insana Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara: The Contribution Of Cattle Farming To Farmers’ Income In Insana Sub-District, Timor Tengah Utara Regency. Jurnal Planet Peternakan, 2(2), 468 –. Retrieved from http://publikasi.undana.ac.id/index.php/JPP/article/view/r2246

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